# Getting started

# Installation

We recommend adding swagger-php to your project with Composer

composer require zircote/swagger-php

# Usage

Generate always-up-to-date documentation.



 
 
 

<?php
require("vendor/autoload.php");
$openapi = \OpenApi\scan('/path/to/project');
header('Content-Type: application/x-yaml');
echo $openapi->toYaml();

This will scan the php-files in the given folder(s), look for OpenApi annotations and output a json file.

# CLI

Instead of generating the documentation dynamically we also provide a command line interface. This writes the documentation to a static json file.

./vendor/bin/openapi --help

For cli usage from anywhere install swagger-php globally and add the ~/.composer/vendor/bin directory to the PATH in your environment.

composer global require zircote/swagger-php

# Write annotations

The goal of swagger-php is to generate a openapi.json using phpdoc annotations.

# When you write:

/**
 * @OA\Info(title="My First API", version="0.1")
 */

/**
 * @OA\Get(
 *     path="/api/resource.json",
 *     @OA\Response(response="200", description="An example resource")
 * )
 */

# swagger-php will generate:

openapi: 3.0.0
info:
  title: "My First API"
  version: "0.1"
paths:
  /api/resource.json:
    get:
      responses:
        "200":
          description: "An example resource"

# Using variables

You can use constants inside doctrine annotations.

define("API_HOST", ($env === "production") ? "example.com" : "localhost");
/**
 * @OA\Server(url=API_HOST)
 */

When you're using the CLI you'll need to include the php file with the constants using the --bootstrap options:

openapi --bootstrap constants.php

# Annotation placement

You shouldn't place all annotations inside one big @OA\OpenApi() annotation block, but scatter them throughout your codebase. swagger-php will scan your project and merge all annotations into one @OA\OpenApi annotation.

The big benefit swagger-php provides is that the documentation lives close to the code implementing the API.

# Arrays and Objects

Doctrine annotation supports arrays, but uses { and } instead of [ and ].

Doctrine also supports objects, which also use { and } and require the property names to be surrounded with ".

DON'T WRITE

/**
 * @OA\Info(
 *   title="My first API",
 *   version="1.0.0",
 *   contact={
 *     "email": "support@example.com"
 *   }
 * )
 */

This "works" but most objects have an annotation with the same name as the property, such as @OA\Contact for contact:

WRITE

/**
 * @OA\Info(
 *   title="My first API",
 *   version="1.0.0",
 *   @OA\Contact(
 *     email="support@example.com"
 *   )
 * )
 */

This also adds validation, so when you misspell a property or forget a required property, it will trigger a PHP warning. For example, if you write emial="support@example.com", swagger-php would generate a notice with Unexpected field "emial" for @OA\Contact(), expecting "name", "email", ...

Placing multiple annotations of the same type will result in an array of objects. For objects, the key is defined by the field with the same name as the annotation: response in a @OA\Response, property in a @OA\Property, etc.

/**
 * @OA\Get(
 *   path="/products",
 *   summary="list products",
 *   @OA\Response(
 *     response=200,
 *     description="A list with products"
 *   ),
 *   @OA\Response(
 *     response="default",
 *     description="an ""unexpected"" error"
 *   )
 * )
 */

# Results in:

openapi: 3.0.0
paths:
  /products:
    get:
      summary: "list products"
      responses:
        "200":
          description: "A list with products"
        default:
          description: 'an "unexpected" error'

# Detects values based on context

swagger-php looks at the context of the comment which reduces duplication.

/**
 * @OA\Schema()
 */
class Product {

    /**
     * The product name
     * @var string
     * @OA\Property()
     */
    public $name;
}

# Results in:

openapi: 3.0.0
components:
  schemas:
    Product:
      properties:
        name:
          description: "The product name"
          type: string
      type: object

# As if you'd written:

    /**
     * The product name
     * @var string
     *
     * @OA\Property(
     *   property="name",
     *   type="string",
     *   description="The product name"
     * )
     */
    public $name;

# Shortcuts

# Anotation namespace

Instead of writing the FQCN: @OpenApi\Annotations\Response() you can write the shorter @OA\Response() instead.

This works because doctrine picks up on the use statements like:

use OpenApi\Annotations as OA;

And swagger-php injects this namespace alias, even when it's not in the php file.
But if your editor supports doctrine annotation completion, you still need to add the namespace alias otherwise it can't find the annotation classes for autocompletion.

# Json or Xml

The @OA\MediaType is used to describe the content:

/**
 * @OA\Response(
 *     response=200,
 *     description="successful operation",
 *     @OA\MediaType(
 *         mediaType="application/json",
 *         @OA\Schema(ref="#/components/schemas/User"),
 *     )
 * ),
 */

But because most API requests and responses are JSON, the @OA\JsonContent allows you to write:

/**
 * @OA\Response(
 *     response=200,
 *     description="successful operation",
 *     @OA\JsonContent(ref="#/components/schemas/User"),
 * )
 */

During processing the @OA\JsonContent unfolds to @OA\MediaType( mediaType="application/json", @OA\Schema( and will generate the same output.

On a similar note, you generally don't have to write a @OA\PathItem because this annotation will be generated based on the path in operation @OA\Get, @OA\Post, etc.

# Reusing annotations (ref)

It's common that multiple requests have some overlap in either the request or the response. To keep things DRY (Don't Repeat Yourself) the specification includes referencing other parts of the JSON using $refs

/**
 * @OA\Schema(
 *   schema="product_id",
 *   type="integer",
 *   format="int64",
 *   description="The unique identifier of a product in our catalog"
 * )
 */

# Results in:

openapi: 3.0.0
components:
  schemas:
    product_id:
      description: "The unique identifier of a product in our catalog"
      type: integer
      format: int64

This doesn't do anything by itself, but now you can reference this piece by its path in the JSON #/components/schemas/product_id

    /**
     * @OA\Property(ref="#/components/schemas/product_id")
     */
    public $id;

For more tips on refs, browse through the using-refs example.

# Composition

You can combine model definitions into new schema compositions with allOf

/**
 * @OA\Schema(
 *   schema="UpdateItem",
 *   allOf={
 *     @OA\Schema(ref="#/components/schemas/NewItem"),
 *     @OA\Schema(
 *       @OA\Property(property="id", type="integer"),
 *       @OA\Property(property="created_at", ref="#/components/schemas/BaseModel/properties/createdAt")
 *     )
 *   }
 * )
 */

More info in the Inheritance and Polymorphism chapter.

# Vendor extensions

The specification allows for custom properties as long as they start with "x-". Therefore all swagger-php annotations have an x property which will unfold into "x-" properties.

/**
 * @OA\Info(
 *   title="Example",
 *   version=1,
 *   x={
 *     "some-name": "a-value",
 *     "another": 2,
 *     "complex-type": {
 *       "supported":{
 *         {"version": "1.0", "level": "baseapi"},
 *         {"version": "2.1", "level": "fullapi"},
 *       }
 *     }
 *   }
 * )
 */

# Results in:

openapi: 3.0.0
info:
  title: Example
  version: 1
  x-some-name: a-value
  x-another: 2
  x-complex-type:
    supported:
      - version: "1.0"
        level: baseapi
      - version: "2.1"
        level: fullapi

The Amazon API Gateway for example, makes use of these.

# OpenApi

To learn about what you can generate, which options to use and how, look at the docs on swagger.io

It has sections about:

For more detailed information look at the OpenApi Specification